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Modeling of Atmosphere Revitalization

R. Coker[1], J. Knox[1], K. Kittredge[1]
[1]NASA - Marshall Space Flight Center, Huntsville, AL, USA

All spacecraft systems must be minimized with respect to mass, power, and volume. Here, we focus on current efforts to improve system efficiency and reliability for water separation systems to be used on crewed vehicles. These development efforts combine sub-scale systems testing and multi-physics simulations to evaluate candidate approaches. The best performing options will then be ...

Design of a Controlled Dosing Scheme for Liquids using a Venturi

M. Dagaonkar[1], V. Kumaran[1], R. Venkataraghavan[1], D. C. Franklin[1]
[1]Unilever R&D, Bangalore, Karnataka, India

Dosing a predetermined quantity of one liquid into another, in a controlled fashion, is a process often encountered in a variety of operations at both industrial and laboratory scales. This process becomes a challenging one if it has to be carried out in a continuous mode, without using any dosing pump and if the dosage levels are very small. A possible simple and elegant solution to the problem ...

Early Breast Cancer Detection using Patient Symptomatic Breast Images by Finite Element Analysis Aided by COMSOL

Tan Ming Sien[1]
Devendran Perumal[1]
Sri Pooveyninthran[1]
Samavedham Lakshminarayanan[2]
Balu Ranganathan[3]

[1]Department of Chemical and Natural Resources Engineering, University of Malaysia Pahang, Pahang, Malaysia
[2]Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, National University of Singapore, Singapore, Singapore
[3]Center for Excellence for Fluid Flow Research, University of Malaysia Pahang, Pahang, Malaysia

In this project, we attempted to determine the drug concentration in a breast cancer tumor after a drug has been delivered. We created a COMSOL Multiphysics® finite element model. We investigated the relationship between drug delivery efficiency and parameters such as diffusivity, deepness of the tumor, and the temporal and spatial placement of the transdermal patch that delivers the drug. We ...

Mathematical Modeling of Direct Borohydride Fuel Cells and its Experimental Validation

A. K. R. Paul[1], K. S. Gandhi[2], and A. K. Shukla[3]
[1] Central Electrochemical Research Institute – Madras Unit, CSIR Complex, Taramani, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
[2] Department of Chemical Engineering, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore , Karnataka, India
[3] Solid State & Structural Chemistry Unit, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore , Karnataka, India

  Direct borohydride fuel cells (DBFCs) use sodium borohydride (NaBH4) as fuel and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) as an oxidant. A mathematical model encompassing mass balance of ionic species in different regions of the DBFC is developed. Both the oxidation of sodium borohydride and reduction of hydrogen peroxide are assumed to obey Tafel kinetics. This is combined with boundary conditions ...

Gravity-Driven Film Flow: Design of Bottom Topography

C. Heining[1] and N. Aksel[1]

[1]Applied Mechanics and Fluid Dynamics, University of Bayreuth, Bayreuth, Germany

We study the gravity-driven film flow of a Newtonian liquid down an inclined plane. Many applications such as heat- and mass exchangers and evaporators or film coaters require undulated or rippled bottom topographies. In these cases, the interplay of gravity, surface tension and inertia leads to a response of the interface which furthermore strongly depends on the shape of the bottom topography. ...

FEMLAB as a Front-end for Large-scale Acoustic Modeling Parallelized Wave Basis Solver for the 3D Helmholtz Problems

Huttunen, T.1, Malinen, M.1, Vanne, A.1, Monk, P.2 1 University of Kuopio, Department of Applied Physics, Kuopio, Finland
2 University of Delaware, Department of Mathematical Sciences, Newark, DE, USA

We introduce an extension for FEMLAB's acoustic mode which uses the ultra-weak variational formulation (UWVF) method for solving 3D Helmholtz problems. The solver, calledWaveller, uses FEMLAB's graphical interface for creating geometries, generating meshes, post-processing and visualization. However, the solution of acoustic wave problems using the UWVF significantly reduces the computational ...

Thermal Stability of an HTS AC Armature Winding

Morega, A.M.1, Ordonez, J.C.2
1 Department of Electrical Engineering, POLITEHNICA University of Bucharest, Bucharest, Romania
2 Department of Mechanical Engineering and Center for Advanced Power Systems, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL

The armature of a High Temperature Superconductor (HTS) motor is usually an AC copper air winding mounted in an iron-less stator. This unconventional winding is the siege of intense power dissipation by Joule and variable magnetic field effects, and has to be thoroughly designed to provide for the thermal stability of the HTS motor. For a more detailed knowledge of the thermal field beyond ...

Charakterisierung einer magnetorheologischen Flüssig-keit für die Innenhochdruck-Umformung von Rohren

Dal Bó, P., Blankl, A., Geiger, M.
Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg, Lehrstuhl für Fertigungstechnologie, Erlangen, Deutschland

Bei der Innenhochdruck-Umformung von Rohren findet die Umformung durch eine Kombination aus Aufweiten und Stauchen statt. Aufgrund des Innendrucks und der daraus resultierenden Reibung zwischen Werkzeug und Werkstück erfolgt bei einem sehr langen Rohr kein weiteres Nachschieben in die Aufweitzone, sondern lediglich ein Aufstauchen in der Führungszone. Mit Hilfe der Strömung eines hochviskosen ...

Chaotic Behavior of the Airflow in a Ventilated Room

A.W.M. van Schijndel[1]
[1]Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, The Netherlands

Chaotic systems may lead to instability, extreme sensitivity and performance reduction. Therefore it is unwanted in many cases. Due to these undesirable characteristics of chaos in practical systems, it is important to recognize such a chaotic behavior. The existence of chaos has been discovered in several areas during the last 30 years. However, there is a lack of studies in relation with ...

Boundary Conditions Identification for Thermostatic Cauchy Problem by Minimizing an Energy-like Function

T.N. Baranger
LDMS, UMR CNRS-INSA 5006, ISTIL - Université Claude Bernard, Lyon

An energy-like error function is introduced in the context of the ill-posed problem of boundary data recovering, which is commopnly known as a Cauchy problem. Here the problem is converted into an optimization problem. Numerical simulations highlight the efficiency and robustness of the proposed method.

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