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Quench Propagation in 1-D and 2-D Models of High Current Superconductors

G. Volpini[1]
[1]LASA Lab., Milan Dept., Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Milano, Italy

The understanding of quench, or the sudden transition to the normal state of a high-current Superconductor (SC), is fundamental for the design of a SC magnet, and it is widely discussed in the literature. This paper presents some simple COMSOL models, which are compared with well-known approximate formulae and some experimental results. These models allow a more precise description than it is ...

Chaotic Behavior of the Airflow in a Ventilated Room

A.W.M. van Schijndel[1]
[1]Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, The Netherlands

Chaotic systems may lead to instability, extreme sensitivity and performance reduction. Therefore it is unwanted in many cases. Due to these undesirable characteristics of chaos in practical systems, it is important to recognize such a chaotic behavior. The existence of chaos has been discovered in several areas during the last 30 years. However, there is a lack of studies in relation with ...

Expanding Your Materials Horizons

R.W. Pryor
Pryor Knowledge Systems, Inc., Bloomfield Hills, MI, USA

The concept of virtual prototyping can be found linked to many different keywords in the literature: modeling, look-ahead problem solving, etc. This poster paper briefly discusses the potential real benefits that can be realized through pre-build cost savings, minimization of the number of prototype builds, and post-build problem avoidance for physical prototypes and production products. Relative ...

Finite Element Analysis Approach for Optimization of Enzyme Activity for Enzymatic Bio-fuel Cell

Y. Song, and C. Wang
Florida International University, Miami, FL, USA

Enzymatic biofuel cells (EBFCs) are miniature, implantable power sources, which use enzymes as catalysts to perform redox reaction with biological fuels such as glucose. In this study using COMSOL Multiphysics, we use an EBFC chip, having three dimensional, highly dense micro-electrode arrays, fabricated by C-MEMS micro-fabrication techniques. Glucose oxidase (GOx) is immobilized on anodes for ...

Acoustic streaming flows in discharge lighting

T. Dreeben
Osram Sylvania, Beverly, MA, USA

Thomas Dreeben received his B.A. in Philosophy and Mathematics in 1985, and his Ph.D. in Mechanical Engineering in 1997, both from Cornell University. He has worked in automotive fuel systems at Ford Motor Company, and in turbulence at Sandia National Laboratories. He currently works in lighting research at OSRAM SYLVANIA, where his modeling focuses on fluid mechanics and heat transfer as they ...

Improvements on Liquid Cyclotron Target Loading/Unloading System Using COMSOL Multiphysics®

F. Alrumayan[1], A. Alghaith[1], J. Schneider, [1], M. Ahmed [1], M. Al-Qahtani[1]
[1]King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Centre, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

A 3D model was developed using COMSOL Multiphysics® to study the flow dynamics of the water inside the geometry of the [13N] Ammonia target for medical application . The image attached shows a 3D model of the target. A significant improvement was noted after modifying the geometry as suggested by the model and delivery time of radioactive solution was dramatically reduced. Water and aluminum ...

Simulation of Beam Propagation with Two-photon Absorption in Semiconductor Materials

Syuhei LEE et al.[1]

[1]Chiba University, Chiba, Chiba, Japan

We have studied ultrafast all-optical switching devices based on two-photon absorption, which are expected to have ultrafast response less than 1 ps in wideband and to be independent of polarization of light. In our laboratory, we have obtained the analytical solution for the equation of light propagation in our model that the two-photon absorption occurs in a sample. Though we have used the ...

Mathematical Modeling of Direct Borohydride Fuel Cells and its Experimental Validation

A. K. R. Paul[1], K. S. Gandhi[2], and A. K. Shukla[3]
[1] Central Electrochemical Research Institute – Madras Unit, CSIR Complex, Taramani, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
[2] Department of Chemical Engineering, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore , Karnataka, India
[3] Solid State & Structural Chemistry Unit, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore , Karnataka, India

  Direct borohydride fuel cells (DBFCs) use sodium borohydride (NaBH4) as fuel and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) as an oxidant. A mathematical model encompassing mass balance of ionic species in different regions of the DBFC is developed. Both the oxidation of sodium borohydride and reduction of hydrogen peroxide are assumed to obey Tafel kinetics. This is combined with boundary conditions ...

Modeling the Rheology of Liquid Detergents

Vincenzo Guida
R&D Process Design Principal Engineer, Procter & Gamble, Italy

Outline of presentation: Comsol is a very flexible platform, ideal to model rheology modification under flow Analogy with reactive flows allows modeling of both thixotropy and gelation with decent level of accuracy and predictability It is possible, to a certain extent, to use 1D rheology to extrapolate 3D behavior ---------------------------------- Keynote speaker's biography:Vincenzo ...

FEMLAB as a Front-end for Large-scale Acoustic Modeling Parallelized Wave Basis Solver for the 3D Helmholtz Problems

Huttunen, T.1, Malinen, M.1, Vanne, A.1, Monk, P.2 1 University of Kuopio, Department of Applied Physics, Kuopio, Finland
2 University of Delaware, Department of Mathematical Sciences, Newark, DE, USA

We introduce an extension for FEMLAB's acoustic mode which uses the ultra-weak variational formulation (UWVF) method for solving 3D Helmholtz problems. The solver, calledWaveller, uses FEMLAB's graphical interface for creating geometries, generating meshes, post-processing and visualization. However, the solution of acoustic wave problems using the UWVF significantly reduces the computational ...

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