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Providing an Entry Length in Heterogeneous Catalytic Reactors with Fast Diffusion

D. Dalle Nogare[1] and P. Canu[1]

[1]Department of Chemical Engineering Principles and Practice, University of Padova, Padova, Italy

This work investigates the effects of boundary conditions on the species profiles in heterogeneous catalysis, with low Péclet systems. Hydrogen combustion in Helium was chosen because of the high diffusivities. Furthermore, already at T=300°C over a Pt catalyst, kinetics is very fast and the composition gradients at the inlet extremely steep. The issue is analyzed with 1D models, ...

A Tool for Studying the Ecology of Hydrosystems

D. Peyrard[1], Ph. Vervier[1], S. Sauvage[1], J.M. Sánchez-Pérez[1], and M. Quintard[2]
[1] Laboratoire d’Ecologie des Hydrosystèmes, Toulouse
[2] Institut de Mécanique des Fluides de Toulouse

The hyporheic zone is defined as an area where water and matter exchange through the sand, gravel, sediments and other permeable soils under and beside streams. Its impact on the hydro-system function is determined by the proportion of subsurface biogeochemical reactions and the fluxes of water exchanging with the hyporheic zone and flowing through the porous sediments. The objective of our ...

Experimentelle Untersuchung und Simulation der instationären Temperaturprofile in einem Schüttschichtadsorber

G. Hillmer
MCI, FH Technik, Innsbruck

Zur industriellen Gasreinigung werden Aktivkohle-Festbettadsorber eingesetzt. Im vorliegenden Fall erfolgt die Regenerierung thermisch durch Heizstäbe in der Schüttung. Die Regenerierung des Bettes hängt signifikant von den lokalen Temperaturen ab. Es wurden die instationären T-Felder in der Schüttung sowohl experimentell ermittelt als auch mit COMSOL modelliert. Hierbei wurde auch der ...

Simulated Suspended Solid Concentrations of Secondary Clarifiers in the Activated Sludge Process using the COMSOL Multiphysics Program

C. Gavrila1, and I. Gruia2
1Technical University of Civil Engineering, Bucharest, Romania
2University of Bucharest, Bucharest, Romania

An activated sludge system accomplishes an enhanced biological purification of wastewater, and is the most frequently used system to purify such.The purification of wastewaters are dynamical systems, operating under important and uncontrolled variations of concentration and composition of the polluting substances. Mathematical models are essential for describing, predicting, and controlling these ...

Study of Thermo-Electrical and Mechanical Coupling During Densification of a Polycrystalline Material Using COMSOL

F. Mechighel[1,2,3], B. Pateyron[1], M. El Ganaoui[1], and M. Kadja[3]
[1]CNRS SPCTS UMR 6638, Universite de Limoges, France
[2]Département de Génie Mécanique, Universite de Annaba, Algerie
[3]Département de Génie Mécanique, Universite de Constantine, Algerie

Spark Plasma Sintering (SPS) is a promising rapid consolidation technique that allows a better understanding and manipulation of sintering kinetics and therefore makes it possible to obtain polycrystalline materials (ceramic or metallic) with tailored microstructures. A numerical simulation of the electrical, thermal and mechanical coupling during SPS is performed. Equations for conservation for ...

Transport of Vocs through Bioflim in Biotrickling Filters

Balasubramanian P[1]
[1]Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

Realising the interlinkage of nature and engineering are of paramount essential while comprehending the basics of system’s performances. Application of biotechniques in air pollution control is one such emerging scientific area, where the understandings of these complex systems demand more utilisation of computing softwares. Recently, biofiltration is a versatile biological air pollution ...

Thermo-fluid Dynamics Modelling of Hydrogen Absorption and Desorption in a LaNi4.8Al0.2 Hydride Bed

D. Baldissin[1] and D. Lombardo[1]
[1]Compumat S.r.l., Torino, Italy

A two-dimensional mathematical model for the absorption and desorption of H2 in LaNi4.8Al0.2 was developed and experimentally validated. The model is composed of an energy balance, a mass balance and a momentum balance. These differential equations are numerically solved by means of the finite element method using the software COMSOL Multiphysics®. From a comparison between theoretical ...

Analysis of Solar Hot Water Storage

K.O. Lund
Applied Chemical and Engineering Systems

In a Solar Hot Water System, the hot water from the solar collector enters at the top of the storage tank. A relevant question concerning the storage is what will the outlet temperature be. In the present work we present a way to model Solar Hot Water Systems.

COMSOL application in modeling PEMFC transients

X. Li
Chinese Academy of Sciences, Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Beijing, China

We studied the transient characteristics of PEMFC and water transport during PEMFC start-up, concerning the following aspects: Effect of air stoichiometry change on transient behavior of PEMFC, Transient behavior of water transport during PEMFC start-up, and high temperature PEMFC modeling.

Simulation Of A Hydrogen Permeation Test On A Multilayer Membrane

J. Bouhattate, E. Legrand, A. Oudriss, S. Frappart, J. Creus, and X. Feaugas
Laboratoire d’Etude des Matériaux en Milieu Agressif, LEMMA, Bat. Marie Curie, La Rochelle, France

To understand a metal susceptibility to Hydrogen Embrittlement (HE), it is important to quantify the diffusion of hydrogen through a metallic membrane. Electrochemical permeation tests are the most common methods for experimentally determining the diffusion coefficient of a metal. However the parameters directly accessible from experiments are the time required for a stream to be observed and the ...

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