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Two-fluid modelling of an abnormal low-pressure glow discharge

Low-pressure glow discharges are of topical interest for a lot of technological applications like plasma light sources, plasma processing for surface modification, and plasma chemistry. Therefore, a detailed understanding of the fundamental processes of glow discharges is required to e.g. optimize the discharge parameters in these plasma applications. Theoretical investigations can help to ...

Modélisation d'une décharge luminescente à la pression atmosphérique

Cormier, J.M., Semmar, N., Ouni, M.F.
GREMI, UMR 6606, Orléans

Les décharges luminescentes à pression atmosphérique sont étudiées expérimentalement en laboratoire pour la valorisation des alcanes et notamment la production d'hydrogène à partir du méthane. La modélisation des dispositifs usuels est complexe compte tenu de l'aspect non stationnaire des décharges. Afin d'évaluer le poids des paramètres de réglage d'un réacteur nous avons ...

Aharonov-Bohm interferometry with quantum dots as phase shifters : simulations

Alberty, J.M.
EIHES, Ecole d’Ingénieurs de Genève

Electron interferometry using the Aharonov-Bohm (AB) effect finds many applications in industrial areas such as future nanocomputer technologies, physical random number generators, electron phase microscopy and holography, to name just a few. The presence of a confined magnetic field surrounded by the interferometer arms, as originally proposed by Aharonov and Bohm is however a source of ...

Computations of the earth’s and other solar planets’ magnetic moments with the aid of a FEMLAB electromagnetic module

Wada, J.Y.
Retired, Hughes Space & Communications Co. (Now Boeing Co.)

Computations have been performed of Earth’s and other solar planets’ magnetic moments with the aid of a FEMLAB Electromagnetic Module. The FEMLAB library has a specific program that calculates magnetic field strength and distribution resulting from a circular current source. This program has been adapted with 38 concentric loops to simulate the conductive currents circulating within the ...

Numerical approach of film thickness and friction in EHL by F.E.M.

Demirci, I., Vergne, P.
Laboratoire de Mécanique des Contacts et des Solides LaMCoS, UMR CNRS-INSA de Lyon, Villeurbanne cedex

Hydrodynamic lubrication applies when two moving solids are separated by a lubricant film in which significant pressure occurs. Elastohydrodynamic lubrication (EHL) prevails if the pressure is high enough to elastically deform the solid surfaces. The hydrodynamic pressure is given by the Reynolds equation. This equation is derived from the Navier-Stockes relationships with the following ...

Flow behaviour of phosphorus-deoxidised copper in plane-strain hot extrusion

Jin, L.Z.1, Ssemakula, H.2, Sandström, R.1
1 Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden
2 Department of Production Engineering, Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden

Flow behaviour of phosphorus-deoxidised copper in plane-strain hot extrusion with an insertion in the die has been studied through a finite-element model consisting of fluid dynamics and heat transfer approaches. The billet material is considered as rigid-visco-plastic and rate-sensitive. A dynamic viscosity, which is strain-rate and temperature dependent, has been integrated into the model. ...

Hydrogen Vehicle Leak Modelling in Indoor Ventilated Environments

A. Hallgarth[1], A. Zayer[1], A. Gatward[2], and J. Davies[2]
[1]Hazard Research & Risk Consultants Ltd, Aberystwyth, Wales, United Kingdom
[2]Independent Consultants, United Kingdom

This paper presents and discusses HazRes’ research and results associated with the simulation and modelling of hydrogen release and dispersion events in indoor enclosed environments, using COMSOL Multiphysics. HazRes has developed a gas dispersion model in COMSOL, which takes into account the effects of buoyancy, localized ventilation effects and turbulence generated by obstacles on the ...

Modeling the Internal Pressure Distribution of a Fuel Cell

P.A. Koski[1] and M.S. Mikkola[1]
[1]Department of Applied Physics, Helsinki University of Technology, Espoo, Finland

A 3D FEM (Finite Element Method) model for predicting the internal pressure distribution of a fuel cell stack is presented. The model includes contact pair boundary conditions between the most critical components, thermal expansion and Young's moduli as a function of temperature. The model is used to investigate the changes in pressure distribution inside a PEM fuel cell at realistic temperatures ...

Providing an Entry Length in Heterogeneous Catalytic Reactors with Fast Diffusion

D. Dalle Nogare[1] and P. Canu[1]

[1]Department of Chemical Engineering Principles and Practice, University of Padova, Padova, Italy

This work investigates the effects of boundary conditions on the species profiles in heterogeneous catalysis, with low Péclet systems. Hydrogen combustion in Helium was chosen because of the high diffusivities. Furthermore, already at T=300°C over a Pt catalyst, kinetics is very fast and the composition gradients at the inlet extremely steep. The issue is analyzed with 1D models, ...

Using Spacers in MD Channels

A.M. Alklaibi
Technical college, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

A membrane distillation process equipped with mesh-type material spacers has been modeled as a two-dimensional conjugate problem in which a simultaneous numerical solution of the momentum and energy of the feed and cold solutions have been carried out. The results shows that the center suspended spacer produces the highest average shear stress, and gives the highest spacer efficiency at all ...

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