J. Schöne, A. Körnig, W. Beckert
Fraunhofer IKTS, Dresden, Germany
Reformer and catalytic burners are common components in fuel cell systems, crucial for efficient preparation of fuel and exhaust gases of the fuel cell stack. We intend to show the influence of radiation to the temperature distribution inside of a reformer unit. The model consists of an axisymmetric representation of the inlet-zone and a catalytic porous zone. Fluid flow, convective and ...
H. Machrafi[1,2], S. Cavadias
University of Liège, Thermodynamics of Irreversible Phenomena, Liège, Belgium
University Pierre et Marie Curie, Laboratoire des Procédés Plasma et Traitement de Surface, Paris, France
The purpose of this work is to show whether an important difference in Lithium solid concentration and electrolyte concentration can be observed in a Lithium-ion battery model, when considering either the Butler-Volmer kinetics or the Tafel kinetics for describing the electrode kinetics (including a boundary layer between the electrolyte and the electrode particles). During discharge, the lithium ...
Numerical Modeling and Performance Optimization Study of a Dehumidification Process in Nuclear Waste Storage
Sogin Spa, Rome, Italy
One of the main parameters to consider during the nuclear waste storage design phase is the drum corrosion risk. The humid-air corrosion models available in literature predict that, for carbon steel, the phenomena start to become appreciable for relative humidity (RH) values close to 65%. In general, the corrosion rate increases exponentially with relative humidity above the RH threshold. To ...
F. Ferrero, M. Kluge, R. Zeps, T. Spoormaker
BAM Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing, Berlin, Germany
Chairman PlasticsEurope Fluoropolymers TFE Safety Task Force, Du Pont De Nemours, Dordrecht, The Netherlands
The self-ignition of tetrafluoroethylene (TFE) caused by contact with hot surfaces has been analyzed with the help of simulations performed with COMSOL Multiphysics®. The current study focuses on large-scale heated reactors for the industrial production of polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) from TFE at high pressures. Simulations of the self-heating and consequent self-ignition of TFE in a ...
Modeling, Simulation, and Optimization of the Catalytic Reactor for Methanol Oxidative Dehydrogenation
T. M. Moustafa, M. Abou-Elreesh, and S.-E. K. Fateen
Department of Chemical Engineering, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt
A steady state model was developed to investigate the performance of the catalytic partial oxidation tubular reactor for methanol oxidative dehydrogenation. The model utilized the kinetics developed from experimental results for the main reaction and three side reactions. The partial differential equations included in the model were the mass transfer equations for the seven components and the ...
The Effect of Electrolyte Flow Slots in Tooling Electrodes on Workpiece Surface Finish in Electrochemical Machining
Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR, USA
Electrochemical machining (ECM) uses electrolysis to precisely remove material at high rates. ECM has many advantages over conventional machining: no tool wear, no induced mechanical or thermal stresses, high removal rates virtually independent of material hardness or strength, and excellent surface finishes. However, challenges can arise during the design of the tooling electrode when ...
H. Ishimori, K. Endo, H. Sakanakura, M. Yamada, M. Osako
Ritsumeikan University, Kusatsu, Shiga, Japan
National Institute for Environmental Studies, Tsukuba, Ibaraki Prefecture, Japan
This paper presents the numerical simulation model for radiocesium leaching and transporting behavior in municipal solid waste (MSW) landfill and discusses on the design for the required geometry and properties of the impermeable final cover and the soil sorption layer, which work for containment of hazardous waste such as radiocesium-contaminated MSW generated by Fukushima Daiichi nuclear ...
L. Z. Tong
Keisoku Engineering System Co., Ltd., Tokyo, Japan
The plasmas generated in water involve various physical phenomena such as flows agitated by bubbles, high electric fields for breakdown, discharges in bubbles with size variation, and so on. In this paper, studies have been made on the simulation of plasmas generated in bubbles with size variation. The species taken in account include electrons, three kinds of ions, and ten kinds of neutral ...
E. Abarca, A. Nardi, F. Grandia, J. Molinero
Amphos21 Consulting, Barcelona, Spain
The capture and storage of CO2 in deep geological formations is one of the proposed solutions to reduce CO2 emissions to the atmosphere. CO2 is injected as a supercritical fluid deep below a confining geological formation that prevents its return to the atmosphere. A configuration of denser CO2-enriched brine overlying lighter water leads to convective flow and the formation of gravity fingers of ...
Danish Technological Institute, Aarhus C, Denmark
The use of the finite element method for understanding and analyzing the freezing and drying processes of food products is in focus in this paper. The objective of this study is to develop a model that can predict temperature distribution and weight loss of food products during the freezing and drying processes. The problem was solved by utilizing heat, mass transfer and moving mesh model. In ...