R. E. White, and Long Cai
R.E. White & Associates LLC, Columbia, South Carolina, USA
Department of Chemical Engineering, University of South Carolina, Columbia, South Carolina, USA
The existing lithium ion battery model in COMSOL’s Multiphysics software is extended to include the thermal effects. The thermal behavior of a lithium ion battery is studied during the galvanostatic discharge process with and without a pulse. The existing lithium ion battery model in COMSOL 3.5a is extended by adding an energy balance and the temperature dependence of properties of ...
F.T. Wandschneider, M. Küttinger, P. Fischer, K. Pinkwart, J. Tübke, H. Nirschl
Fraunhofer-Institute for Chemical Technology, Pfinztal, Germany
Karlsruhe Institute for Technology, Karlsruhe, Germany
A two-dimensional stationary model of a vanadium oxygen fuel cell is developed in COMSOL Multiphysics®. This energy storage device combines a vanadium flow battery anode and an oxygen fuel cell cathode. The oxygen reduction reaction generates additional water, leading to a degradation of the catalyst performance over time. A logistic function is introduced to the Butler-Volmer equation in order ...
Numerical Simulation of the Electrical Double Layer Based on the Poisson-Boltzmann Models for AC Electroosmosis Flows
P. Pham1, M. Howorth1, A. Planat-Chrétien1, and S. Tardu2
1Département des microTechnologies pour la Biologie et la Santé, CEA/LETI, Grenoble, France
2LEGI, Grenoble, France
In this paper, the analytical validation of Poisson-Boltzmann (PB) equation computed with COMSOL Multiphysics in the case of a polarized surface in contact with an electrolyte, is first presented.COMSOL Multiphysics algorithms easily handle the highly nonlinear aspect of the PB equation. The limitations of the PB model, that considers ions as point like charges, are outlined. To account for the ...
H. Machrafi[1,2], S. Cavadias
University of Liège, Thermodynamics of Irreversible Phenomena, Liège, Belgium
University Pierre et Marie Curie, Laboratoire des Procédés Plasma et Traitement de Surface, Paris, France
The purpose of this work is to show whether an important difference in Lithium solid concentration and electrolyte concentration can be observed in a Lithium-ion battery model, when considering either the Butler-Volmer kinetics or the Tafel kinetics for describing the electrode kinetics (including a boundary layer between the electrolyte and the electrode particles). During discharge, the lithium ...
D. Sujish, Jinimol Joy, B. Muralidharan, G. Padmakumar , K.K. Rajan
Fast Reactor Technology Group, Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research, Kalpakkam, India
Pyrochemical reprocessing is a non-aqueous method for reprocessing spent metallic fuels. Electrorefining is an important step in pyrochemical reprocessing. Ambient temperature electrorefiner (ATER) is a facility to demonstrate the various mechanisms and associated interlocks. Here the electrolysis of copper in acidified copper sulphate electrolyte will be carried out to demonstrate the ...
A. Paulino, E. Cunha, E. Robalinho, R. Passos, E. Santiago
Instituto de Pesquisas Energéticas e Nucleares, São Paulo, SP, Brazil
Universidade Nove de Julho, São Paulo, SP, Brazil
Universidade Federal do Amazonas, Manaus, AM, Brazil
In this paper, PEM fuel cells with serpentine and interdigitated flow channel patterns were studied. The main objective was to analyze the influence of the flow channel design in the current distribution over the cell. A 3D isothermal model comprising the entire 5 cm² cell was developed for this study. Polarization curves show that both cells have very similar performances. However, current ...
The Effect of Electrolyte Flow Slots in Tooling Electrodes on Workpiece Surface Finish in Electrochemical Machining
Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR, USA
Electrochemical machining (ECM) uses electrolysis to precisely remove material at high rates. ECM has many advantages over conventional machining: no tool wear, no induced mechanical or thermal stresses, high removal rates virtually independent of material hardness or strength, and excellent surface finishes. However, challenges can arise during the design of the tooling electrode when ...
P. Alamar, J. Esarte
Fundación CETENA, Navarra, Spain
With a view to estimating electrical characteristics of a Polymer Li-ion Battery during specific charge and discharge conditions, a COMSOL Multiphysics® model has been developed that accounts for electrochemical phenomena inside the device. Cell model has been created using the Li-Ion Battery interface, customizing material properties and electrochemical reactions. The electrochemical parameters ...
Transient Modelling of a Fluorine Electrolysis Cell; Fully Coupled Electric Currents, Heat-Transfer, Diluted Species Transport and Laminar Bubbly Flow
R. Pretorius, P. L. Crouse, and C. J. Hattingh
University of Pretoria, Pretoria, Gauteng, South Africa
Metallurgical Testing and Consultation (MTC) cc, Farrarmere, South Africa
A laboratory-scale fluorine reactor was simulated with COMSOL Multiphysics®. This model employs fundamental fully coupled electron-, heat-, mass- and momentum transfer (two-phase) equations to deliver a transient model of the above-mentioned reactor. Quasi-steady-state results were produced for the current density, electric field, temperature, reactive species concentration, gas- and liquid ...
RWTH Aachen University -ISEA-, Aachen, NRW, Germany
LiveLink™ for MATLAB® is used to fit the surface temperature of a battery cell within a COMSOL Multiphysics® model to the temperature measured by a thermal imaging camera. The test bench was designed and built up of ourselves to allow nondestructive thermal diffusivity measurement of Li Ion cells as a function of temperature, state of charge (SOC), state of health (SOH) and others. In that ...