S. Mitra, R. Naik, and A. Narain
Michigan Technological University, Houghton, MI, USA
The paper outlines a two-dimensional computational methodology and presents results for laminar/laminar condensing flows inside mm- scale ducts. The methodology has been developed using MATLAB/COMSOL platform and is currently capable of simulating film-wise condensation for steady and unsteady flows. The results obtained are shown to be in agreement with an independently developed ...
S. Kumar, and M. Raju
General Motors R&D Center, Warren, MI, USA
Optimal CAE Inc., Detroit, MI, USA
Hydrogen refueling in a metal hydride based automotive hydrogen storage system is an exothermic reaction and hence an efficient heat exchanger is required to remove the heat for fast refueling. In this paper a helical coil heat exchanger embedded in a sodium alanate bed is modeled using COMSOL. Sodium alanate is present in the shell and the coolant flows through the helical tube. A ...
J.S. Crompton, L.T. Gritter, S. Yushanov, K.C. Koppenhoefer, and D. Magyari
AltaSim Technologies, LLC, Columbus, OH, USA
Golden Acoustics, Detroit, MI, USA
The preferred acoustic response of recording studios, auditoriums and conference halls is to have an even energy response over the entire room and throughout full audio spectrum. This can be accomplished by using acoustic panels with complex surface structures that scatter acoustic waves and diffuse sound level variability over the room volume or through the use of sound absorbing materials to ...
J.S. Crompton, L.T. Gritter, S.Y. Yushanov, and K.C. Koppenhoefer
AltaSim Technologies LLC, Columbus, OH, USA
Analysis of burning candles is extremely complex; combustion produces a highly non-linear temperature profile through the flame in which local temperatures may exceed 1400 °C. Heat transfer includes radiation, conduction and convection components and the low melting point of the candle wax leads to a phase change that allows mass transport via capillary flow prior to combustion in the flame. ...
K.C. Koppenhoefer, S.Y. Yushanov, L.T. Gritter, J.S. Crompton, and R.O. Edwards
AltaSim Technologies LLC, Columbus, OH, USA
Cummins Fuel Systems, Columbus, IN, USA
Reynolds equation is used to analyze fluid flow through small gaps. As such, the solution of Reynolds equation provides critical information for a wide range of tribological problems. In any case where a lubricant resides between two moving surfaces, the Reynolds equation can be used to solve for the flow. In the case considered in this paper, lubricant flows between a piston and housing forced ...
D. Song, R.K. Gupta, and R.P. Chhabra
West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV, USA
Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur, India
A sphere sedimenting in a cylindrical tube filled with non-Newtonian fluids, including purely viscous and viscoelastic type, is of both practical and fundamental interest. To investigate the effects of shear-thinning and elasticity, four representative constitutive equations are adopted, Newtonian, Carreau, Oldroyd-B and Phan-Thien-Tanner (PTT) models. There is good agreement between our ...
Naval Undersea Warfare Center, Newport, RI, USA
In order to transmit energy in one direction, sonar flextensional transducers are combined into arrays of elements that are spaced a 1/4 wavelength apart. The directionality (front-to-back pressure ratio) is a modest of 6 dB. A single projector that is 1/3 wavelength in size and capable of developing unidirectional beams with front-to-back ratios greater than 20 dB that is independent of sound ...
R. Bikky, N. Badi, and A. Bensaoula
University of Houston, Houston, TX, USA
In this work, we present the effective properties of nanodielectrics with gold (Au) nanoparticles embedded in polymer (Polyvinyl Pyrrolidone (PVP)) matrix, calculated by using finite element method (FEM) based simulation in COMSOL Multiphysics software. Drude model is used to calculate size dependent complex dielectric function of Au. EMTs of Maxwell-Garnett, Bruggeman and Looyenga models are ...
Modeling Thickness Shear Mode Quartz Sensors for Increased Downhole Pressure & Temperature Applications
G.R. Kirikera, W. Patton, and S.M. Behr
Geophysical Research Company LLC, Tulsa, OK, USA
Numerous sensors based on various sensing principles are used to measure pressures and temperatures in wellbores. Of all these sensors, piezoelectric quartz is the most preferred means of sensing pressure and temperature and is probably the only sensor to meet stringent downhole measurement requirements. The sensor consists of a quartz piezoelectric resonator hermetically sealed between two ...
R.K. Kapania, R.C. Singh, and C. Sultan
Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, VA, USA
This paper presents an ongoing effort, motivated by developing self-contained sensors for structural health monitoring of inflatable structures, to model the process of extracting useable electrical power from the mechanical vibrations of thin, prestressed membrane structures. Energy harvesting from mechanical vibrations of these structures may provide enough power to operate both the sensors as ...