National Physical Laboratory, Teddington, Middlesex
This paper describes the use of COMSOL Multiphysics to evaluate the propagation of the liquid-solid interface in fixed point crucibles, and the resulting temperature distribution throughout the system as the phase transition progresses. This enables a robust identification of the features of the melting curve corresponding to physical phenomena such as the liquidus point, and also enhances the ...
Z. Huang, and P. Conway
Wolfson School of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering
This paper presents models of microstructures using COMSOL Multiphysics. In particular, solder joints and bumps are investigated and diffusion of species from the substrate to the interface.
T.J. Craven, J.M. Rees, and W.B. Zimmerman
University of Sheffield
The Oldroyd-B family of viscoelastic fluids are notoriously difficult to model numerically. Standard Galerkin finite element methods are prone to numerical oscillations, and solutions break down as fluid elasticity increases. The situation can be remedied to a certain degree however through the addition of weak stabilisation terms to the Galerkin formulation. We present a stabilised ...
The Significance of Coupling in 3D Modelling of Acoustic Wave Propagation in a Cavity Containing Air and Porous Absorbent
L. Kelly, Y.W. Lam, and M. Avis
Research Institute for the Built and Human Environment, University of Salford
This study examines acoustic wave propagation in air and porous media in three dimensions using numerical models; in particular it looks at the significance of the coupling effect between the air and porous layer. The numerical model consist of a layer of air and a layer of porous absorbent which are modelled as equivalent fluid and are characterised by complex characteristic impedance based ...