案例集锦

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Cylinder Roller in Contact: A Benchmark Study

Consider an infinitely long steel cylinder resting on a flat aluminum foundation, where both structures are elastic. The cylinder is subjected to a point load along its top. The objective of this study is to find the contact pressure distribution and the length of contact between the foundation and the cylinder. An analytical solution exists, and this model includes a comparison against the ...

Nonlinear Magnetostrictive Transducer

Magnetostrictive transduction is used in sonars, acoustic devices, active vibration and position control and fuel injection systems. The transducer has a steel housing enclosing a drive coil. A magnetostrictive material is placed in the core which works as an actuator when a magnetic field is produced by passing a current through the drive coil. Magnetostrictive material exhibits free strain ...

Thermal Stresses in a Layered Plate

The thermal stress in a layered plate is studied in this example. A plate consisting of two layers, a coating and a substrate layer is stress and strain free at 800 degrees C. The temperature of the plate is reduced to 150 degrees C and thermal stresses are induced. A third layer, the carrier layer, is added and the thermal stresses in the coating and a substrate layer are added as an initial ...

Piezoacoustic Transducer

A piezoelectric transducer can be used either to transform an electric current to an acoustic pressure field or, the opposite, to produce an electric current from an acoustic field. These devices are generally useful for applications that require the generation of sound in air and liquids. Examples of such applications include phased array microphones, ultrasound equipment, inkjet droplet ...

Nonlinear Magnetostrictive Actuator and Sensor

Magnetostrictive material exhibits free strain under the influence of magnetic field. It also exhibits a stress-induced change in magnetization in the presence of a bias magnetic field. In this tutorial we model a quasi-static transducer which has a steel housing enclosing a drive coil. A magnetostrictive material is placed in the core. Magnetic and structural interactions between the ...

Fuel Cell Bipolar Plate

A fuel cell stack operates at temperatures just below 100 °C, which means that it has to be heated at start-up. The fuel cell stack consists of unit cell of anode, membrane, and cathode connected in series through bipolar plates. This study presents a model that couples the thermal and structural deformations in a fuel cell bipolar plate. The magnitude and position of the thermal stresses ...

Thermal Expansion in a MEMS Device

This model analyzes the thermal expansion in a MEMS device, such as a microgyroscope, where thermal expansion should be minimized. The device is made from the copper-beryllium alloy UNS C17500 and uses temperature-dependent material properties from the Material Library. The purpose of this model is to exemplify the use of the Material Library in COMSOL Multiphysics. This library contains more ...

Fluid-Structure Interaction in Aluminum Extrusion

In massive forming processes like rolling or extrusion, metal alloys are deformed in a hot solid state with material flowing under ideally plastic conditions. Such processes can be simulated effectively using computational fluid dynamics, where the material is considered as a fluid with a very high viscosity that depends on velocity and temperature. Internal friction of the moving material acts ...

Peristaltic Pump

In a peristaltic pump, rotating rollers squeeze a flexible tube. As the rollers move along the tube, the fluid in the tube follows the motion. The main advantage of the peristaltic pump is that no seals, valves or other internal parts ever touch the fluid. Due to their cleanliness, peristaltic pumps have found many applications in the pharmaceutical, chemical, biomedical and food industries. ...

Surface Resistor: Thermo-Mechanical Analysis

The drive for miniaturizing electronic devices has resulted in today’s extensive use of surface-mount electronic components. An important aspect in electronics design and the choice of materials is a product’s durability and lifetime. For surface-mount resistors and other components producing heat it is a well-known problem that temperature cycling can lead to cracks propagating through the ...

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