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Model of a Diffuse Double Layer

In the diffuse double layer and within the first few nanometers of an electrode surface, the assumption of electroneutrality is not valid due to charge separation. Typically, the diffuse double layer may be of interest when modeling very thin layers of electrolyte including those in electrochemical capacitors and microelectrodes. This example shows how to couple the Nernst-Planck equations to ...

Ship Hull Corrosion Mitigation

Impressed current cathodic protection is a commonly employed strategy to mitigate the ship hull corrosion where an external current is applied to the hull surface, polarizing it to a lower potential. In this model, the effect of propeller coating on the current demand is demonstrated.

Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy

Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) is a common technique in which a small oscillating perturbation in cell potential is applied to an electrochemical system so as to interrogate the kinetic and transport properties. The Electroanalysis interface is used with a frequency domain study to simulate EIS for a range of electrode reaction rates. Nyquist and Bode plots illustrate the transition ...

Cyclic Voltammetry at an Electrode

Cyclic voltammetry is a common analytical electrochemical technique, where the potential at a working electrode is swept over a range and back again while the current is recorded. The current-voltage waveform, referred to as a voltammogram, provides information about the reactivity and mass transport properties of an electrolyte. For large electrodes, the model is simplified to a 1D geometry by ...

Cathodic Protection of Steel in Concrete

This example models cathodic protection of a steel reinforcing bar in concrete. Three different electrochemical reactions are considered on the steel surface. Charge and oxygen transport are modeled in the concrete domain, where the electrolyte conductivity and oxygen diffusivity depend on the moisture content. The impact of different moisture levels on the corrosion currents is ...

Voltammetry at a Microdisk Electrode

Voltammetry is modeled at a microelectrode of 10um radius. In this common analytical electrochemistry technique, the potential at a working electrode is swept up and down and the current is recorded. The current-voltage waveform ("voltammogram") gives information about the reactivity and mass transport properties of the analyte. Microelectrodes are popular in electroanalysis because they ...

Crevice Corrosion of Iron in an Acetic Acid/Sodium Acetate Solution

Mass transport limitations within thin crevices can often result in the local electrochemistry to differ significantly between the crevice opening (mouth) and end (tip), and as a result of the differences in local chemistry, corrosion may occur. This example models crevice corrosion of iron in an acetic acid/sodium acetate solution. The model reproduces the results of Walton.

Oil Platform Corrosion Protection Using Sacrificial Anodes

Steel structures immersed in seawater can be protected from corrosion through cathodic protection. This protection can be achieved by an impressed external current or by using sacrificial anodes. The use of sacrificial anodes is often preferred due to its simplicity. This example models the primary current distribution of a corrosion protection system of an oil platform using sacrificial ...

Localized Corrosion

Galvanic corrosion between two different phases (alpha and beta phases) in a metallic (magnesium) alloy is simulated for a representative cross-sectional microstructure configuration. A key feature in the model formulation is the implementation of both anodic and cathodic regions at the electrode surface using a single boundary represented in terms of the level set function.

Crevice Corrosion with Electrode Deformation

This model exemplifies the basic principles of crevice corrosion and how a time-dependent study can be used to simulate the electrode deformation. The model is in 2D and the polarization data for the corrosion reaction is taken from a paper by Absulsalam and others. The model and the results are similar to a 1D model by Brackman and others. This model does not account for mass transport ...

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